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J. Fungi 2017, 3(2), 30; doi:10.3390/jof3020030

Mode of Infection of Metarhizium spp. Fungus and Their Potential as Biological Control Agents

School of Science, Monash University Malaysia, Jalan Lagoon Selatan, Bandar Sunway, 47500 Subang Jaya, Malaysia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: David S. Perlin
Received: 24 February 2017 / Revised: 28 May 2017 / Accepted: 1 June 2017 / Published: 7 June 2017
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Abstract

Chemical insecticides have been commonly used to control agricultural pests, termites, and biological vectors such as mosquitoes and ticks. However, the harmful impacts of toxic chemical insecticides on the environment, the development of resistance in pests and vectors towards chemical insecticides, and public concern have driven extensive research for alternatives, especially biological control agents such as fungus and bacteria. In this review, the mode of infection of Metarhizium fungus on both terrestrial and aquatic insect larvae and how these interactions have been widely employed will be outlined. The potential uses of Metarhizium anisopliae and Metarhizium acridum biological control agents and molecular approaches to increase their virulence will be discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: biopesticide; Metarhizium anisopliae; Metarhizium acridum; biological vectors; agricultural pests; mechanism of infection biopesticide; Metarhizium anisopliae; Metarhizium acridum; biological vectors; agricultural pests; mechanism of infection
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Aw, K.M.S.; Hue, S.M. Mode of Infection of Metarhizium spp. Fungus and Their Potential as Biological Control Agents. J. Fungi 2017, 3, 30.

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