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J. Fungi 2016, 2(1), 3; doi:10.3390/jof2010003

Microsporidiosis in Vertebrate Companion Exotic Animals

1
Zoological medicine service, Faculté de médecine vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, 3200 Sicotte, Saint-Hyacinthe, QC J2S2M2, Canada
2
Clinique Vétérinaire Benjamin Franklin, 38 rue du Danemark, ZA Porte Océane, 56400 Brech, France
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Zhi-Yuan Chen
Received: 13 October 2015 / Revised: 7 December 2015 / Accepted: 18 December 2015 / Published: 24 December 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [510 KB, uploaded 24 December 2015]   |  

Abstract

Veterinarians caring for companion animals may encounter microsporidia in various host species, and diagnosis and treatment of these fungal organisms can be particularly challenging. Fourteen microsporidial species have been reported to infect humans and some of them are zoonotic; however, to date, direct zoonotic transmission is difficult to document versus transit through the digestive tract. In this context, summarizing information available about microsporidiosis of companion exotic animals is relevant due to the proximity of these animals to their owners. Diagnostic modalities and therapeutic challenges are reviewed by taxa. Further studies are needed to better assess risks associated with animal microsporidia for immunosuppressed owners and to improve detection and treatment of infected companion animals. View Full-Text
Keywords: microsporidia; Encephalitozoon; Pleistophora; albendazole; fenbendazole microsporidia; Encephalitozoon; Pleistophora; albendazole; fenbendazole
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Vergneau-Grosset, C.; Larrat, S. Microsporidiosis in Vertebrate Companion Exotic Animals. J. Fungi 2016, 2, 3.

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