Next Article in Journal
Ectopic Noggin in a Population of Nfatc1 Lineage Endocardial Progenitors Induces Embryonic Lethality
Previous Article in Journal
Myths and Realities Relating to Development of the Arterial Valves
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
J. Cardiovasc. Dev. Dis. 2014, 1(3), 201-213; doi:10.3390/jcdd1030201

Effects of Dietary Macronutrients on Plasma Lipid Levels and the Consequence for Cardiovascular Disease

1
Department of Exercise Science, Concordia University, Montreal, QC, H4B 1R6, Canada
2
Department of Kinesiology & Physical Education, McGill University, Montreal, QC, H2W 1S4, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 June 2014 / Revised: 19 September 2014 / Accepted: 25 September 2014 / Published: 10 October 2014
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [418 KB, uploaded 10 October 2014]   |  

Abstract

Despite gaining focus, cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of death worldwide. Health promotion agencies have traditionally recommended diets that are low in fat in order to reduce CVD risk however, much debate remains about which dietary approaches are the most efficient for effective disease prevention. Common markers of CVD include elevated plasma triglycerides (TG) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels, as well as reduced high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels. While weight loss alone can significantly reduce markers of CVD, manipulating dietary macronutrient content contributes to the beneficial effects of weight loss and furthers the improvement of lipid profiles even without the alteration of total caloric intake. Considering the recent attention to diets that are low in carbohydrates rather than fat, it remains to be elucidated the beneficial effects of each diet type when establishing new recommendations for CVD prevention. This review aims to examine the effects of different macronutrient compositions on lipid markers, thus providing insight into the potential roles of various diet types in the targeted prevention against CVD. View Full-Text
Keywords: plasma lipid levels; cardiovascular disease (CVD); high fat diet; low carbohydrate diet; macronutrients; HDL; LDL; VLDL plasma lipid levels; cardiovascular disease (CVD); high fat diet; low carbohydrate diet; macronutrients; HDL; LDL; VLDL
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Daoud, E.; Scheede-Bergdahl, C.; Bergdahl, A. Effects of Dietary Macronutrients on Plasma Lipid Levels and the Consequence for Cardiovascular Disease. J. Cardiovasc. Dev. Dis. 2014, 1, 201-213.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
J. Cardiovasc. Dev. Dis. EISSN 2308-3425 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top