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Geriatrics 2018, 3(3), 51; https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics3030051

Relationship between SHARE-FI Frailty Scores and Physical Performance Measures in Older Adult Medicaid Recipients

1
Department of Physical Therapy and Human Movement Sciences, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60201, USA
2
Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60201, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 June 2018 / Revised: 3 August 2018 / Accepted: 7 August 2018 / Published: 11 August 2018
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Abstract

The Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe-Frailty Instrument (SHARE-FI) is a frailty assessment tool designed for primary care settings comprised of four self-report questions and grip strength measurement, yet it is not known how SHARE-FI scores relate to objective physical performance measures that assess physical functioning, fall risk, and disability. This cross-sectional, observational study examined the association between SHARE-FI scores and a battery of physical performance measures in a sample of older adult, Medicaid waiver recipients (n = 139, mean age = 74.19 ± 8.36 years). We administered the SHARE-FI, Timed Up and Go (TUG), gait speed, and Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) in participants’ homes. Among clients, 45% were frail, 35% pre-frail, and 20% non-frail. There were significant differences in all physical performance measure scores with respect to SHARE-FI category. SHARE-FI continuous scores significantly predicted TUG time, all domains of the SPPB, gait speed, and inability to complete the chair rise test. Self-reported walking difficulty and objectively measured gait speed were significantly correlated. The SHARE-FI continuous frailty score predicts scores on a variety of validated physical performance measures. Given the fast administration time, the SHARE-FI could potentially be used to serve as a surrogate for physical performance measures with known association with physical function, fall risk, and disability. View Full-Text
Keywords: frailty; SHARE-FI; physical performance measures; home and community-based services frailty; SHARE-FI; physical performance measures; home and community-based services
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Danilovich, M.K.; Diaz, L.; Corcos, D.M.; Ciolino, J.D. Relationship between SHARE-FI Frailty Scores and Physical Performance Measures in Older Adult Medicaid Recipients. Geriatrics 2018, 3, 51.

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