Balance and Gait of Frail, Pre-Frail, and Robust Older Hispanics
AbstractOlder Hispanics are an understudied minority group in the US, and further understanding of the association between frailty, gait and balance impairments in disadvantaged older Hispanics is needed. The objectives of this study were to compare the balance and gait of older Hispanics by their frailty status. Sixty-three older Hispanics (21 men, 42 women, mean age 75 ± 7 years) attending senior centers in disadvantaged neighborhoods were grouped by their frailty status and completed balance and walking tests at a preferred speed and during street crossing simulations. Sixteen percent (n = 10) of the participants were frail, 71% (n = 45) were pre-frail, and 13% (n = 8) were robust. Frail participants had poorer balance than robust participants (F = 3.5, p = 0.042). The preferred walking speed of frail and pre-frail participants was lower (F = 6.3, p < 0.011) and they took shorter steps (F > 3.5, p = 0.002) than robust participants. During street crossing conditions, frail participants had wider steps (F = 3.3, p = 0.040), while pre-frail participants walked slower (F = 3.6, p = 0.032), and both took shorter steps than robust participants (F > 3.5, p < 0.043). Frailty and pre-frailty were prevalent and associated with gait and balance impairments in disadvantaged older Hispanics. The findings can inform the development of programs and interventions targeting this vulnerable underserved population. View Full-Text
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Vieira, E.R.; da Silva, R.A.; Severi, M.T.; Barbosa, A.C.; Amick III, B.C.; Zevallos, J.C.; Martinez, I.L.; Chaves, P.H.M. Balance and Gait of Frail, Pre-Frail, and Robust Older Hispanics. Geriatrics 2018, 3, 42.
Vieira ER, da Silva RA, Severi MT, Barbosa AC, Amick III BC, Zevallos JC, Martinez IL, Chaves PHM. Balance and Gait of Frail, Pre-Frail, and Robust Older Hispanics. Geriatrics. 2018; 3(3):42.Chicago/Turabian Style
Vieira, Edgar R.; da Silva, Rubens A.; Severi, Maria T.; Barbosa, Alexandre C.; Amick III, Benjamin C.; Zevallos, Juan C.; Martinez, Iveris L.; Chaves, Paulo H.M. 2018. "Balance and Gait of Frail, Pre-Frail, and Robust Older Hispanics." Geriatrics 3, no. 3: 42.
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