Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Intramuscular Adipose Tissue and the Functional Components of Sarcopenia in Hospitalized Geriatric Patients
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Response to Pulmonary Rehabilitation in Older People with Physical Frailty, Sarcopenia and Chronic Lung Disease
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessFeature PaperArticle
Geriatrics 2017, 2(1), 10; doi:10.3390/geriatrics2010010

Anterior Thigh Tissue Thickness Measured Using Ultrasound Imaging in Older Recreational Female Golfers and Sedentary Controls

1
Faculty of Health Sciences, Building 45, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
2
Arthritis Research UK Centre for Sport, Exercise and Osteoarthritis, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK
3
School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
4
Southampton Statistical Sciences Research Institute, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Joseph S.K. Kwan
Received: 5 December 2016 / Revised: 17 January 2017 / Accepted: 30 January 2017 / Published: 7 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Frailty and Sarcopenia in Old Age)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1203 KB, uploaded 7 February 2017]   |  

Abstract

Physical activity is vital for the prevention of sarcopenia and frailty. The training effects of recreational golf on muscle function in older people are unknown. The present study examined quadriceps muscle and subcutaneous fat thickness in 66 older females. Thirty-one golfers (mean age 69.1 years, standard deviation ±3.4) were compared with 35 less active non-golfers (73.4 ± 4.2 years). Images of the dominant anterior thigh were obtained using real-time B-mode ultrasound imaging. Thickness of muscle (rectus femoris, vastus intermedius, and intermuscular fascia) and subcutaneous tissue (fat and perimuscular fascia) was measured, and percentage contributions calculated. Muscle thickness was significantly greater (p < 0.001) in golfers (mean 2.78 cm ± 0.73 cm) than non-golfers (2.18 cm ± 0.55 cm). Mean percentage contribution of muscle and non-contractile tissue was 64% ± 9% and 36% ± 9%, respectively, in golfers, compared to 58% ± 8% and 42% ± 8% in non-golfers (p = 0.013). Multiple linear regression analysis, controlling for age and BMI, showed that golfers still had higher total anterior thigh thickness (regression parameter for non-golfers B = −0.984, p = 0.004) and higher muscle thickness (B = −0.619, p = 0.002). This study indicates an association between recreational golf and greater relative thigh muscle thickness and lower subcutaneous fat than in less active controls. Training effects need to be examined in prospective controlled trials in males and females in different age groups. View Full-Text
Keywords: thigh tissue thickness; quadriceps muscle; ultrasound imaging; ageing; golf; physical activity thigh tissue thickness; quadriceps muscle; ultrasound imaging; ageing; golf; physical activity
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Herrick, I.; Brown, S.; Agyapong-Badu, S.; Warner, M.; Ewings, S.; Samuel, D.; Stokes, M. Anterior Thigh Tissue Thickness Measured Using Ultrasound Imaging in Older Recreational Female Golfers and Sedentary Controls. Geriatrics 2017, 2, 10.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Geriatrics EISSN 2308-3417 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top