Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Exploring Shyness among Veterinary Medical Students: Implications for Mental and Social Wellness
Previous Article in Journal
Variation in the Reported Management of Canine Prolapsed Nictitans Gland and Feline Herpetic Keratitis
Previous Article in Special Issue
Educating the Future of Science and Medicine
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessFeature PaperArticle
Vet. Sci. 2018, 5(2), 55; https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci5020055

Comparing Item Performance on Three- Versus Four-Option Multiple Choice Questions in a Veterinary Toxicology Course

1
Department of Clinical Sciences, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
2
Department of Molecular and Biomedical Sciences, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 May 2018 / Revised: 6 June 2018 / Accepted: 8 June 2018 / Published: 9 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Educating the Future of Veterinary Science and Medicine)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [194 KB, uploaded 9 June 2018]

Abstract

Background: The number of answer options is an important element of multiple-choice questions (MCQs). Many MCQs contain four or more options despite the limited literature suggesting that there is little to no benefit beyond three options. The purpose of this study was to evaluate item performance on 3-option versus 4-option MCQs used in a core curriculum course in veterinary toxicology at a large veterinary medical school in the United States. Methods: A quasi-experimental, crossover design was used in which students in each class were randomly assigned to take one of two versions (A or B) of two major exams. Results: Both the 3-option and 4-option MCQs resulted in similar psychometric properties. Conclusion: The findings of our study support earlier research in other medical disciplines and settings that likewise concluded there was no significant change in the psychometric properties of three option MCQs when compared to the traditional MCQs with four or more options. View Full-Text
Keywords: assessment; medical education; veterinary medicine; testing; multiple-choice questions; psychology; toxicology; measurement; item writing; veterinary education assessment; medical education; veterinary medicine; testing; multiple-choice questions; psychology; toxicology; measurement; item writing; veterinary education
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Royal, K.; Dorman, D. Comparing Item Performance on Three- Versus Four-Option Multiple Choice Questions in a Veterinary Toxicology Course. Vet. Sci. 2018, 5, 55.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Vet. Sci. EISSN 2306-7381 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top