Next Article in Journal
Comparative Pathogenesis of Cancers in Animals and Humans
Previous Article in Journal
Genomic Tools and Animal Health
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Vet. Sci. 2016, 3(3), 22; doi:10.3390/vetsci3030022

Forced-Air Warming Provides Better Control of Body Temperature in Porcine Surgical Patients

College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
Ethicon, Inc., Cincinnati, OH 45242, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Patrick Butaye
Received: 22 April 2016 / Revised: 17 August 2016 / Accepted: 7 September 2016 / Published: 9 September 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [545 KB, uploaded 9 September 2016]   |  


Background: Maintaining normothermia during porcine surgery is critical in ensuring subject welfare and recovery, reducing the risk of immune system compromise and surgical-site infection that can result from hypothermia. In humans, various methods of patient heating have been demonstrated to be useful, but less evaluation has been performed in techniques to prevent hypothermia perioperatively in pigs. Methods: We compared body temperature regulation during surgery before and after modification of the ambient temperature of the operating laboratories. Three different methods of heating were then compared; a standard circulating water mattress, a resistive fabric blanket, and a forced hot air system. The primary measure was percentage of temperature readings outside a specification range of 36.7–40.0 °C. Results: Tighter control of the ambient temperature while using a circulating water mattress reduced the occurrence of out-of-specification body temperature readings from 20.8% to 5.0%, with most of these the result of hypothermia. Use of a resistive fabric blanket further reduced out-of-specification readings to 1.5%, with a slight increase in the occurrence of hyperthermia. Use of a forced air system reduced out-of-specification readings to less 0.1%. Conclusions: Maintenance of normothermia perioperatively in pig can be improved by tightly controlling ambient temperatures. Use of a resistive blanket or a forced air system can lead to better control than a circulating water mattress, with the forced air system providing a faster response to temperature variations and less chance of hyperthermia. View Full-Text
Keywords: porcine; surgery; body temperature; hypothermia; resistive blanket; forced air heating porcine; surgery; body temperature; hypothermia; resistive blanket; forced air heating

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Dent, B.T.; Stevens, K.A.; Clymer, J.W. Forced-Air Warming Provides Better Control of Body Temperature in Porcine Surgical Patients. Vet. Sci. 2016, 3, 22.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Vet. Sci. EISSN 2306-7381 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top