Metabolite Profiles of Male and Female Humboldt Penguins
AbstractWe examined 185 metabolites in 30 adult Humboldt Penguins (Spheniscus humboldti) nesting at the Punta San Juan Marine Protected Area, Peru, in order to examine gender differences in metabolome profiles, particularly those involved in metabolism and energetics. The majority of the compounds identified were fatty (26% of total identified compounds), organic (19%), and amino (16%) acids. We were able to differentiate male and female penguins with 96.6% accuracy on the basis of 12 metabolites, most of which are involved in lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. These included 2-oxoglutarate, erythronic acid, GABA, mannitol, sedoheptulose 7-phosphate, and serine and six metabolites present in higher concentrations in females compared to males (2-aminoadipic acid, O-phosphorylethanolamine, glycerol 2-phosphate, glycerol 3-phosphate, pantothenic acid, and creatinine). Of these, 2-oxoglutarate and glycerol 3-phosphate were key metabolites distinguishing gender. Our results indicated that male and female Humboldt Penguins were characterized by differing metabolic states. Such differences could be important to individual and brood survival in times of environmental stress. View Full-Text
Scifeed alert for new publicationsNever miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
- Get alerts for new papers matching your research
- Find out the new papers from selected authors
- Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
- Define your Scifeed now
Levengood, J.M.; Schaeffer, D.J.; Ulanov, A.V. Metabolite Profiles of Male and Female Humboldt Penguins. Vet. Sci. 2015, 2, 349-362.
Levengood JM, Schaeffer DJ, Ulanov AV. Metabolite Profiles of Male and Female Humboldt Penguins. Veterinary Sciences. 2015; 2(4):349-362.Chicago/Turabian Style
Levengood, Jeffrey M.; Schaeffer, David J.; Ulanov, Alexander V. 2015. "Metabolite Profiles of Male and Female Humboldt Penguins." Vet. Sci. 2, no. 4: 349-362.