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Bioengineering 2018, 5(1), 20; doi:10.3390/bioengineering5010020

Microbiological Sensing Technologies: A Review

Biologically Inspired Sensors and Actuators Laboratory, Department of EECS, Lassonde School of Engineering, York University, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 December 2017 / Revised: 23 February 2018 / Accepted: 23 February 2018 / Published: 2 March 2018


Microorganisms have a significant influence on human activities and health, and consequently, there is high demand to develop automated, sensitive, and rapid methods for their detection. These methods might be applicable for clinical, industrial, and environmental applications. Although different techniques have been suggested and employed for the detection of microorganisms, and the majority of these methods are not cost effective and suffer from low sensitivity and low specificity, especially in mixed samples. This paper presents a comprehensive review of microbiological techniques and associated challenges for bioengineering researchers with an engineering background. Also, this paper reports on recent technological advances and their future prospects for a variety of microbiological applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: biosensors; bacteria; microbiology; Lab on chip (LoC) biosensors; bacteria; microbiology; Lab on chip (LoC)

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Abbasian, F.; Ghafar-Zadeh, E.; Magierowski, S. Microbiological Sensing Technologies: A Review. Bioengineering 2018, 5, 20.

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