Microfluidics for Antibiotic Susceptibility and Toxicity Testing
AbstractThe recent emergence of antimicrobial resistance has become a major concern for worldwide policy makers as very few new antibiotics have been developed in the last twenty-five years. To prevent the death of millions of people worldwide, there is an urgent need for a cheap, fast and accurate set of tools and techniques that can help to discover and develop new antimicrobial drugs. In the past decade, microfluidic platforms have emerged as potential systems for conducting pharmacological studies. Recent studies have demonstrated that microfluidic platforms can perform rapid antibiotic susceptibility tests to evaluate antimicrobial drugs’ efficacy. In addition, the development of cell-on-a-chip and organ-on-a-chip platforms have enabled the early drug testing, providing more accurate insights into conventional cell cultures on the drug pharmacokinetics and toxicity, at the early and cheaper stage of drug development, i.e., prior to animal and human testing. In this review, we focus on the recent developments of microfluidic platforms for rapid antibiotics susceptibility testing, investigating bacterial persistence and non-growing but metabolically active (NGMA) bacteria, evaluating antibiotic effectiveness on biofilms and combinatorial effect of antibiotics, as well as microfluidic platforms that can be used for in vitro antibiotic toxicity testing. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Dai, J.; Hamon, M.; Jambovane, S. Microfluidics for Antibiotic Susceptibility and Toxicity Testing. Bioengineering 2016, 3, 25.
Dai J, Hamon M, Jambovane S. Microfluidics for Antibiotic Susceptibility and Toxicity Testing. Bioengineering. 2016; 3(4):25.Chicago/Turabian Style
Dai, Jing; Hamon, Morgan; Jambovane, Sachin. 2016. "Microfluidics for Antibiotic Susceptibility and Toxicity Testing." Bioengineering 3, no. 4: 25.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.