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Hydrology 2018, 5(3), 31; https://doi.org/10.3390/hydrology5030031

Overflow Discharges and Flooding Areas from Flood Hydrographs Routing in Arda River, Greece

1
Department of Civil Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace, 67100 Xanthi, Greece
2
Department of Forestry and Management of the Environment and Natural Resources, Democritus University of Thrace, 68200 Orestiada, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 May 2018 / Revised: 18 June 2018 / Accepted: 19 June 2018 / Published: 21 June 2018
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Abstract

Flooding is a natural disaster that damages infrastructure, properties, and may even cause loss of life. Major floods occur in the Arda river basin, which is shared between Greece and Bulgaria in Southeastern Europe. A flood warning system can sufficiently minimize adverse effects by helping to create a more successful and well-organized response plan. This paper presents an extensive numerical simulation of flood hydrograph routing between levees of the downstream section of the Arda river for floods with return periods from 2 to 10,000 years, using the one-dimensional software HEC-RAS. The main objective is to calculate the inundation areas, travel times of flood waves, water depths, water levels, flow velocities, and overflow volumes by simulating the hydraulic behavior of the Arda river outside its mountain watershed, where it flows through agricultural plane land with very mild slope. The great importance of the water level at the confluence of the Arda and Evros rivers (downstream boundary condition) has been pointed out for the regions near the confluence because the flow is the subcritical type. A significant finding of this work is the determination of the upper limit of the peak discharge hydrograph entering from the Arda to the Evros river to prevent the flooding of the Evros river. This finding is very important for the management of the flood flows of the Evros river, which is a major river with a complicated river system. View Full-Text
Keywords: floods; hydrograph routing; inundation mapping; HEC-RAS; Arda river floods; hydrograph routing; inundation mapping; HEC-RAS; Arda river
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Angelidis, P.; Maris, F.; Kopasakis, K.; Vasileiou, A.; Kotsovinos, N. Overflow Discharges and Flooding Areas from Flood Hydrographs Routing in Arda River, Greece. Hydrology 2018, 5, 31.

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