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Hydrology 2018, 5(1), 14; doi:10.3390/hydrology5010014

The Climate Change Vulnerability and Risk Management Matrix for the Coastal Zone of The Gambia

West African Science Service Center on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use (WASCAL) Headquarters, CSIR Office Complex, Airport Residential Area, P.M.B CT 504, Cantonments-Accra 0233, Republic of Ghana
Department of Water Resources, 7, Marina Parade, Banjul, Republic of Gambia
Department of Energy and Environmental Engineering, University of Energy and Natural Resources, P.O. Box 214, Sunyani, Republic of Ghana
University of the Gambia, Farafenni Campus, North Bank Region, Republic of Gambia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 December 2017 / Revised: 22 January 2018 / Accepted: 30 January 2018 / Published: 6 February 2018
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Global Climate Change is one of the dire challenges facing the international community today. Coastal zones are vulnerable to its impacts. An effective approach with long-term prospects in addressing climate change impacts is it’s mainstreaming into development agenda of sectoral policies. A comprehensive risk and vulnerability assessment is a pre-requisite to ensure that the right adaptive response is taken for effective integration into developmental plans. The objective of this study is to evaluate and prioritize risks, vulnerability and adaptation issues of current and anticipated impacts of climate change on the coastal zone of The Gambia. The study will also give a methodological contribution for assessing risks, vulnerability and adaptation from the sub-national to local levels. The relevance of this study will be to create a link between the sub-national and local levels in order to facilitate the integration and mainstreaming of climate change into sectoral and local policies for more climate-resilient communities. This will aid in the promotion of strategic investment of constrained developmental resources to actualize successfully dynamic coping strategies, elude ‘maladaptation’ and less compelling responsive measures. A purposive expert sampling technique was used in selecting respondents for the study. The findings of the study reveal that by the end of the 21st century, the climatic variables likely to have the highest impact on the coastal zone of The Gambia are ‘increased flood severity’ and ‘increased temperature’. The coastal zone of The Gambia showed a high vulnerability to these climate change variables. The suggested adaptive response in addressing the impacts of increased flood intensity in the study area includes; improving regulations for restricting agriculture and livestock grazing activities to improve land cover; strengthening of early-warning systems, among others. The suggested adaptive response in addressing the increase in temperature includes: increase crop diversification and rotation to reduce total crop failure; switching to drought-tolerant crop and animal species, among others. View Full-Text
Keywords: coastal zone; climate change; climate variability; vulnerability assessment; adaptation; The Gambia coastal zone; climate change; climate variability; vulnerability assessment; adaptation; The Gambia

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MDPI and ACS Style

Amuzu, J.; Jallow, B.P.; Kabo-Bah, A.T.; Yaffa, S. The Climate Change Vulnerability and Risk Management Matrix for the Coastal Zone of The Gambia. Hydrology 2018, 5, 14.

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