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Hydrology 2017, 4(2), 30; doi:10.3390/hydrology4020030

Flood Response System—A Case Study

1
Emerging Solutions & e-Governance Group, Center for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC), Pune 411008, India
2
Civil Engineering Department, Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati 781039, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Angelica Tarpanelli, Luca Brocca and Mauro Rossi
Received: 22 February 2017 / Revised: 25 May 2017 / Accepted: 26 May 2017 / Published: 7 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Floods and Landslide Prediction)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5840 KB, uploaded 7 June 2017]   |  

Abstract

Flood Response System (FRS) is a network-enabled solution developed using open-source software. The system has query based flood damage assessment modules with outputs in the form of spatial maps and statistical databases. FRS effectively facilitates the management of post-disaster activities caused due to flood, like displaying spatial maps of area affected, inundated roads, etc., and maintains a steady flow of information at all levels with different access rights depending upon the criticality of the information. It is designed to facilitate users in managing information related to flooding during critical flood seasons and analyzing the extent of damage. The inputs to FRS are provided using two components: (1) a semi-automated application developed indigenously, to delineate inundated areas for Near-Real Time Flood Monitoring using Active Microwave Remote Sensing data and (2) a two-dimensional (2D) hydrodynamic river model generated outputs for water depth and velocity in flooded areas for an embankment breach scenario. The 2D Hydrodynamic model, CCHE2D (Center for Computational Hydroscience and Engineering Two-Dimensional model), was used to simulate an area of 600 km2 in the flood-prone zone of the Brahmaputra basin. The resultant inundated area from the model was found to be 85% accurate when validated with post-flood optical satellite data. View Full-Text
Keywords: Flood Response System; Microwave analysis; Flood inundation mapping; Damage assessment; GIS based decision support system Flood Response System; Microwave analysis; Flood inundation mapping; Damage assessment; GIS based decision support system
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Singh, Y.K.; Dutta, U.; Prabhu, T.S.M.; Prabu, I.; Mhatre, J.; Khare, M.; Srivastava, S.; Dutta, S. Flood Response System—A Case Study. Hydrology 2017, 4, 30.

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