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Medicines 2017, 4(3), 68; doi:10.3390/medicines4030068

The Genus Artemisia: a 2012–2017 Literature Review on Chemical Composition, Antimicrobial, Insecticidal and Antioxidant Activities of Essential Oils

Bacteriology & Natural Pesticide Laboratory, Department of Botany, DDU Gorakhpur University Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh 273009, India
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Gerhard Litscher and Eleni Skaltsa
Received: 8 August 2017 / Revised: 3 September 2017 / Accepted: 5 September 2017 / Published: 12 September 2017
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Abstract

Essential oils of aromatic and medicinal plants generally have a diverse range of activities because they possess several active constituents that work through several modes of action. The genus Artemisia includes the largest genus of family Asteraceae has several medicinal uses in human and plant diseases aliments. Extensive investigations on essential oil composition, antimicrobial, insecticidal and antioxidant studies have been conducted for various species of this genus. In this review, we have compiled data of recent literature (2012–2017) on essential oil composition, antimicrobial, insecticidal and antioxidant activities of different species of the genus Artemisia. Regarding the antimicrobial and insecticidal properties we have only described here efficacy of essential oils against plant pathogens and insect pests. The literature revealed that 1, 8-cineole, beta-pinene, thujone, artemisia ketone, camphor, caryophyllene, camphene and germacrene D are the major components in most of the essential oils of this plant species. Oils from different species of genus Artemisia exhibited strong antimicrobial activity against plant pathogens and insecticidal activity against insect pests. However, only few species have been explored for antioxidant activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: Artemisia; essential oil; chemical composition; antimicrobial; insecticidal; antioxidant Artemisia; essential oil; chemical composition; antimicrobial; insecticidal; antioxidant
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Pandey, A.K.; Singh, P. The Genus Artemisia: a 2012–2017 Literature Review on Chemical Composition, Antimicrobial, Insecticidal and Antioxidant Activities of Essential Oils. Medicines 2017, 4, 68.

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