Essential Oil of Cymbopogon citratus on the Control of the Curvularia Leaf Spot Disease on Maize
AbstractThe Curvularia Leaf Spot is becoming more common due to the culture expansion and the low resistance of the cultivated genotypes in tropical regions. Thus, the objective was to evaluate the fungitoxicity of the essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus upon the phytopathogen Curvularia lunata, causative agent of the Curvularia Leaf Spot. There was realized pathogenicity tests of C. lunata in maize plants, phytotoxicity of the essential oil of C. citratus and gas chromatography attached, germination tests of the conidia, and of in vitro inhibition of C. lunata. Also, there were realized tests aiming at verifying the phytopathogen control in vivo. In the pathogenicity tests, there were verified symptoms of the disease in all of the suspensions tested on plants. It was observed that the essential oil concentrations of 7.5 µL mL−1 to 50 µL mL−1 were phytotoxic. The majoritarian chemical components of the essential oil of C. citratus were Geranial (41.46%) and Neral (32.43%). The concentrations of 5 and 7.5 µL mL−1 inhibited 100% of conidia germination. None of the concentrations evaluated effectively inhibited C. lunata mycelial growth in in vitro tests. In the preventive control, the concentration of 7.5 µL mL−1 was sufficient for the reduction of the progress of the disease, however the curative control was not efficient on the tested dosages. View Full-Text
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Mourão, D.S.C.; Ferreira de Souza Pereira, T.; Souza, D.J.; Chagas Júnior, A.F.; Dalcin, M.S.; Veloso, R.A.; Leão, E.U.; Santos, G.R. Essential Oil of Cymbopogon citratus on the Control of the Curvularia Leaf Spot Disease on Maize. Medicines 2017, 4, 62.
Mourão DSC, Ferreira de Souza Pereira T, Souza DJ, Chagas Júnior AF, Dalcin MS, Veloso RA, Leão EU, Santos GR. Essential Oil of Cymbopogon citratus on the Control of the Curvularia Leaf Spot Disease on Maize. Medicines. 2017; 4(3):62.Chicago/Turabian Style
Mourão, Dalmarcia S.C.; Ferreira de Souza Pereira, Talita; Souza, Danival J.; Chagas Júnior, Aloísio F.; Dalcin, Mateus S.; Veloso, Ronice A.; Leão, Evelynne U.; Santos, Gil R. 2017. "Essential Oil of Cymbopogon citratus on the Control of the Curvularia Leaf Spot Disease on Maize." Medicines 4, no. 3: 62.
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