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Medicines 2017, 4(3), 59;

Qigong Exercises for the Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Institute of Qigong and Integrative Medicine (IQ & IM), 10127 Main Place, Suite B, Bothell, WA 98011, USA
Seattle Healing Acupuncture, LLC, 1307 N 45th Street, Suite 204, Seattle, WA 98103, USA
Healing Happy Hour, 930 Grand Concourse, Ground FL, New York, NY 10451, USA
Bastyr University Research Institute, 14500 Juanita Dr. NE, Kenmore, WA 98028, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Wen Liu
Received: 1 July 2017 / Accepted: 8 August 2017 / Published: 9 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Qigong Exercise)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [300 KB, uploaded 9 August 2017]


Background: The purpose of this article is to clarify and define medical qigong and to identify an appropriate study design and methodology for a large-scale study looking at the effects of qigong in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), specifically subject enrollment criteria, selection of the control group and study duration. Methods: A comprehensive literature review of English databases was used to locate articles from 1980–May 2017 involving qigong and T2DM. Control groups, subject criteria and the results of major diabetic markers were reviewed and compared within each study. Definitions of qigong and its differentiation from physical exercise were also considered. Results: After a thorough review, it was found that qigong shows positive effects on T2DM; however, there were inconsistencies in control groups, research subjects and diabetic markers analyzed. It was also discovered that there is a large variation in styles and definitions of qigong. Conclusions: Qigong exercise has shown promising results in clinical experience and in randomized, controlled pilot studies for affecting aspects of T2DM including blood glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, weight, BMI and insulin resistance. Due to the inconsistencies in study design and methods and the lack of large-scale studies, further well-designed randomized control trials (RCT) are needed to evaluate the ‘vital energy’ or qi aspect of internal medical qigong in people who have been diagnosed with T2DM. View Full-Text
Keywords: medical qigong; type 2 diabetes mellitus; xiao ke; acupuncture and oriental medicine; Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM); integrative medicine; Yi Ren Qigong medical qigong; type 2 diabetes mellitus; xiao ke; acupuncture and oriental medicine; Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM); integrative medicine; Yi Ren Qigong
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Putiri, A.L.; Close, J.R.; Lilly, H.R.; Guillaume, N.; Sun, G.-C. Qigong Exercises for the Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Medicines 2017, 4, 59.

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