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Toxics 2017, 5(3), 19; https://doi.org/10.3390/toxics5030019

Farmers’ Training on Pesticide Use Is Associated with Elevated Safety Behavior

Department of Agricultural Development, Democritus University of Thrace, GR-682 00 Orestiada, Greece
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Academic Editor: James Devillers
Received: 26 June 2017 / Revised: 14 August 2017 / Accepted: 20 August 2017 / Published: 22 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Collection Risk Assessment of Pesticide Exposure)
Full-Text   |   PDF [223 KB, uploaded 22 August 2017]

Abstract

Occupational exposure to pesticides in agricultural applications may cause acute and long-term health effects to farmers, and thus research on factors that reduce exposure is useful. However, studies on the relevance and effectiveness of training are limited. The association of previous training in the form of intensive seminars relating to pesticide use (e.g., use of spraying equipment, application parameters, use of personal protective equipment, risks to human health and the environment) with farmers’ knowledge and behavior in pesticide use was studied via the self-reporting method in a purposive sample of 82 trained and non-trained farmers. Most trained farmers showed higher levels of knowledge of pesticide use, higher levels of beliefs in pesticide hazard control, and higher levels of safety behavior than non-trained farmers. Knowledge of pesticide use and beliefs regarding pesticide hazard control were significantly correlated with safety behavior in both groups of farmers. Concerning farmers’ beliefs regarding pesticide hazard control, trained farmers were more likely to think that safety precautions work very well and less likely to feel they had little control over avoiding pesticide hazards. Overall, previous training was associated with increased levels of farmers’ knowledge of pesticides and beliefs about pesticide hazard control, was accompanied by elevated safety behavior in farmers, and thus was connected with lower occupational exposure to pesticides. Interventions that facilitate knowledge and compliance with safety behaviors should become a priority for decreasing exposure to pesticides among farmers. View Full-Text
Keywords: farmers; worker protection standards; safety behavior farmers; worker protection standards; safety behavior
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Damalas, C.A.; Koutroubas, S.D. Farmers’ Training on Pesticide Use Is Associated with Elevated Safety Behavior. Toxics 2017, 5, 19.

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