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Foods 2016, 5(4), 89; doi:10.3390/foods5040089

Mineral Nutritional Yield and Nutrient Density of Locally Adapted Wheat Genotypes under Organic Production

Department of Plant Breeding, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SE-230 53 Alnarp, Sweden
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Academic Editor: Marina Carcea
Received: 27 March 2016 / Revised: 15 November 2016 / Accepted: 6 December 2016 / Published: 20 December 2016
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Abstract

The aim of the present investigation was to investigate the nutritional yield, nutrient density, stability, and adaptability of organically produced wheat for sustainable and nutritional high value food production. This study evaluated the nutritional yield of four minerals (Fe, Zn, Cu, and Mg) in 19 wheat genotypes, selected as being locally adapted under organic agriculture conditions. The new metric of nutritional yield was calculated for each genotype and they were evaluated for stability using the Additive Main effects and Multiplicative Interaction (AMMI) stability analysis and for genotypic value, stability, and adaptability using the Best Linear Unbiased Prediction (BLUP procedure). The results indicated that there were genotypes suitable for production under organic agriculture conditions with satisfactory yields (>4000 kg·ha−1). Furthermore, these genotypes showed high nutritional yield and nutrient density for the four minerals studied. Additionally, since these genotypes were stable and adaptable over three environmentally different years, they were designated “balanced genotypes” for the four minerals and for the aforementioned characteristics. Selection and breeding of such “balanced genotypes” may offer an alternative to producing nutritious food under low-input agriculture conditions. Furthermore, the type of evaluation presented here may also be of interest for implementation in research conducted in developing countries, following the objectives of producing enough nutrients for a growing population. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutritional yield; minerals; organic agriculture; wheat; stability; adaptability nutritional yield; minerals; organic agriculture; wheat; stability; adaptability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Moreira-Ascarrunz, S.D.; Larsson, H.; Prieto-Linde, M.L.; Johansson, E. Mineral Nutritional Yield and Nutrient Density of Locally Adapted Wheat Genotypes under Organic Production. Foods 2016, 5, 89.

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