Publications 2013, 1(3), 87-98; doi:10.3390/publications1030087
Review

Research Misconduct—Definitions, Manifestations and Extent

Division for Science and Innovation Studies, Administrative Headquarters of the Max Planck Society, Hofgartenstr. 8, Munich 80539, Germany
Received: 26 August 2013; in revised form: 26 September 2013 / Accepted: 30 September 2013 / Published: 11 October 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Misconduct in Scientific Publishing)
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Abstract: In recent years, the international scientific community has been rocked by a number of serious cases of research misconduct. In one of these, Woo Suk Hwang, a Korean stem cell researcher published two articles on research with ground-breaking results in Science in 2004 and 2005. Both articles were later revealed to be fakes. This paper provides an overview of what research misconduct is generally understood to be, its manifestations and the extent to which they are thought to exist.
Keywords: misconduct; plagiarism; fabrication and falsification of data

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bornmann, L. Research Misconduct—Definitions, Manifestations and Extent. Publications 2013, 1, 87-98.

AMA Style

Bornmann L. Research Misconduct—Definitions, Manifestations and Extent. Publications. 2013; 1(3):87-98.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bornmann, Lutz. 2013. "Research Misconduct—Definitions, Manifestations and Extent." Publications 1, no. 3: 87-98.

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