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Dent. J. 2017, 5(4), 34; https://doi.org/10.3390/dj5040034

The Use of Pit and Fissure Sealants—A Literature Review

1
Pediatric Dentistry Department, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, 21589 Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2
Pediatric Dentistry Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Alexandria University, 21526 Alexandria, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 October 2017 / Revised: 5 December 2017 / Accepted: 6 December 2017 / Published: 11 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [464 KB, uploaded 11 December 2017]   |  

Abstract

This paper reviews the literature and discusses the latest updates on the use of pit and fissure sealants. It demonstrates the effectiveness of pit and fissure sealants in preventing caries and the management of early carious lesions. It compares the use of different sealant materials and their indications. It describes the application technique for sealants. It also reviews the cost-effectiveness of sealants as a preventive strategy. From this review and after the discussion of recently published studies on pit and fissure sealants, it is evident that sealants are effective in caries prevention and in preventing the progression of incipient lesions. It is therefore recommended that pit and fissure sealant be applied to high-caries-risk children for optimum cost-effectiveness. It is a highly sensitive technique that needs optimum isolation, cleaning of the tooth surface, etching, and the application of a thin bonding layer for maximum benefit. Recall and repair, when needed, are important to maximize the effectiveness of such sealant use. View Full-Text
Keywords: pit and fissure sealants; caries prevention; resin-based sealants pit and fissure sealants; caries prevention; resin-based sealants
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Naaman, R.; El-Housseiny, A.A.; Alamoudi, N. The Use of Pit and Fissure Sealants—A Literature Review. Dent. J. 2017, 5, 34.

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