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Inorganics 2017, 5(3), 57; doi:10.3390/inorganics5030057

Hydrogen Storage Stability of Nanoconfined MgH2 upon Cycling

1
Center for Materials Crystallography, Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center and Department of Chemistry, Aarhus University, Langelandsgade 140, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
2
Department of Physics and Astronomy, Fuels and Energy Technology Institute, Curtin University, Kent Street, Bentley, WA 6102, Australia
3
Department of Physics, Chemistry and Pharmacy, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230 Odense M, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 July 2017 / Revised: 18 August 2017 / Accepted: 18 August 2017 / Published: 23 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functional Materials Based on Metal Hydrides)
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Abstract

It is of utmost importance to optimise and stabilise hydrogen storage capacity during multiple cycles of hydrogen release and uptake to realise a hydrogen-based energy system. Here, the direct solvent-based synthesis of magnesium hydride, MgH2, from dibutyl magnesium, MgBu2, in four different carbon aerogels with different porosities, i.e., pore sizes, 15 < Davg < 26 nm, surface area 800 < SBET < 2100 m2/g, and total pore volume, 1.3 < Vtot < 2.5 cm3/g, is investigated. Three independent infiltrations of MgBu2, each with three individual hydrogenations, are conducted for each scaffold. The volumetric and gravimetric loading of MgH2 is in the range 17 to 20 vol % and 24 to 40 wt %, which is only slightly larger as compared to the first infiltration assigned to the large difference in molar volume of MgH2 and MgBu2. Despite the rigorous infiltration and sample preparation techniques, particular issues are highlighted relating to the presence of unwanted gaseous by-products, Mg/MgH2 containment within the scaffold, and the purity of the carbon aerogel scaffold. The results presented provide a research path for future researchers to improve the nanoconfinement process for hydrogen storage applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydride; nanoconfinement; carbon scaffold hydride; nanoconfinement; carbon scaffold
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Huen, P.; Paskevicius, M.; Richter, B.; Ravnsbæk, D.B.; Jensen, T.R. Hydrogen Storage Stability of Nanoconfined MgH2 upon Cycling. Inorganics 2017, 5, 57.

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