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Inorganics 2014, 2(4), 606-619; doi:10.3390/inorganics2040606

High-Energy-Low-Temperature Technologies for the Synthesis of Nanoparticles: Microwaves and High Pressure

1
Faculty of Management, Bialystok University of Technology, Wiejska 45A, 15-351 Bialystok, Poland
2
Department of Engineering "Enzo Ferrari", University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Via Vignolese 905, 41125 Modena, Italy
3
Institute of High Pressure Physics, Polish Academy of Science, Sokolowska 29/37, 01-142 Warsaw, Poland
4
Institute for Sustainable Technologies—National Reserach Institute, Pulaskiego 6/10, 26-600 Radom, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 May 2014 / Revised: 14 October 2014 / Accepted: 15 October 2014 / Published: 6 November 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Inorganic Syntheses Assisted by Microwave Heating)
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Abstract

Microwave Solvothermal Synthesis (MSS) is a chemical technology, where apart from possible effects of microwaves on the chemical reaction paths, microwave heating allows the precise planning of a time-temperature schedule, as well as to achieve high super-saturation of the reagents uniformly in the reactor vessel. Thus, MSS is suitable for production of nanoparticles with small grain size distribution and a high degree of crystallinity. A further advantage of the technology is a much lower synthesis temperature than for gas phase, plasma or sol-gel technologies. New reactors have been developed to exploit these advantages of the MSS technology of nanoparticles synthesis and to scale up the production rate. Reactor design and realization has been shown to be decisive and critical for the control of the MSS technology. Examples of oxidic and phosphatic nanoparticles synthesis have been reported. View Full-Text
Keywords: microwave solvothermal synthesis; microwave hydrothermal synthesis nanoparticles; microwave reactors; particle size distribution microwave solvothermal synthesis; microwave hydrothermal synthesis nanoparticles; microwave reactors; particle size distribution
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Lojkowski, W.; Leonelli, C.; Chudoba, T.; Wojnarowicz, J.; Majcher, A.; Mazurkiewicz, A. High-Energy-Low-Temperature Technologies for the Synthesis of Nanoparticles: Microwaves and High Pressure. Inorganics 2014, 2, 606-619.

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