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Inorganics 2015, 3(2), 101-117; doi:10.3390/inorganics3020101

Microwave-Assisted Routes for the Synthesis of Complex Functional Oxides

1
Departamento Química Inorgánica I, Facultad de Ciencia Químicas, Universidad Complutense, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2
Department of Chemistry, University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading RG6 6AD, UK
3
Departamento Física Aplicada III, Grupo de Física de materiales Complejos (GFMC), Facultad de las Ciencias Físicas, Universidad Complutense, 28040 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Cristina Leonelli
Received: 26 February 2015 / Revised: 24 April 2015 / Accepted: 29 April 2015 / Published: 12 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Inorganic Syntheses Assisted by Microwave Heating)
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Abstract

The synthesis of complex functional inorganic materials, such as oxides, can be successfully performed by using microwave irradiation as the source of heat. To achieve this, different routes and set-ups can be used: microwave-assisted synthesis may proceed in the solid state or in solution, aqueous or not, and the set ups may be as simple and accessible as domestic oven or quite sophisticated laboratory equipment. An obvious advantage of this innovative methodology is the considerable reduction in time—minutes rather than hours or days—and, as a consequence, energy saving. No less important is the fact that the particle growth is inhibited and the broad variety of different microwave or microwave-assisted synthesis techniques opens up opportunities for the preparation of inorganic nanoparticles and nanostructures. In this work, various microwave synthesis techniques have been employed: solid-state microwaves, single-mode microwaves using a TE10p cavity and microwave-assisted hydrothermal synthesis. Relevant examples are presented and discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: microwave synthesis; inorganic materials; oxides; nanoparticles microwave synthesis; inorganic materials; oxides; nanoparticles
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Prado-Gonjal, J.; Schmidt, R.; Morán, E. Microwave-Assisted Routes for the Synthesis of Complex Functional Oxides. Inorganics 2015, 3, 101-117.

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