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Processes 2016, 4(2), 16; doi:10.3390/pr4020016

Process Intensification via Membrane Reactors, the DEMCAMER Project

1
Chemical Process Intensification, Department of Chemical Engineering and Chemistry, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5612 AZ Eindhoven, The Netherlands
2
HyGear B.V., P.O. Box 5280, 6802 EG Arnhem, The Netherlands
3
National Research Council, Institute on Membrane Technology (ITM–CNR), Via Pietro BUCCI, c/o The University of Calabria, cubo 17C, 87036 Rende (CS), Italy
4
Tecnalia, Mikeletegi Pasealekua 2, 20009 Donostia/San Sebastian, Spain
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Michael Henson
Received: 12 March 2016 / Revised: 25 April 2016 / Accepted: 28 April 2016 / Published: 11 May 2016

Abstract

This paper reports the findings of a FP7 project (DEMCAMER) that developed materials (catalysts and membranes) and new processes for four industrially relevant reaction processes. In this project, active, stable, and selective catalysts were developed for the reaction systems of interest and their production scaled up to kg scale (TRL5 (TRL: Technology Readiness Level)). Simultaneously, new membranes for gas separation were developed; in particular, dense supported thin palladium-based membranes for hydrogen separation from reactive mixtures. These membranes were successfully scaled up to TRL4 and used in various lab-scale reactors for water gas shift (WGS), using both packed bed and fluidized bed reactors, and Fischer-Tropsch (FTS) using packed bed reactors and in prototype reactors for WGS and FTS. Mixed ionic-electronic conducting membranes in capillary form were also developed for high temperature oxygen separation from air. These membranes can be used for both Autothermal Reforming (ATR) and Oxidative Coupling of Methane (OCM) reaction systems to increase the efficiency and the yield of the processes. The production of these membranes was scaled up to TRL3–4. The project also developed adequate sealing techniques to be able to integrate the different membranes in lab-scale and prototype reactors. View Full-Text
Keywords: membranes; membrane reactors; FTS; WGS; OCM; ATR membranes; membrane reactors; FTS; WGS; OCM; ATR
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gallucci, F.; Antonio Medrano, J.; Roses, L.; Brunetti, A.; Barbieri, G.; Viviente, J.L. Process Intensification via Membrane Reactors, the DEMCAMER Project. Processes 2016, 4, 16.

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