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Thermo-Responsive Hydrogels for Stimuli-Responsive Membranes
Department of Chemical Engineering, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L7, Canada
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 August 2013; in revised form: 17 September 2013 / Accepted: 18 September 2013 / Published: 30 September 2013
Abstract: Composite membranes with stimuli-responsive properties can be made by coating a thermo-responsive hydrogel onto a micro- or macroporous support. These hydrogels undergo a temperature induced volume-phase transition, which contributes towards the composite membrane’s stimuli-responsive properties. This paper reviews research done on complimentary forms of temperature responsive “thermophilic” hydrogels, those exhibiting positive volume-phase transitions in aqueous solvent. The influences of intermolecular forces on the mechanism of phase-transition are discussed along with case examples of typical thermophilic hydrogels.
Keywords: membrane coating; thermo-responsive material; positive volume-phase transition; hydrogel; stimuli-responsive membrane
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Mah, E.; Ghosh, R. Thermo-Responsive Hydrogels for Stimuli-Responsive Membranes. Processes 2013, 1, 238-262.
Mah E, Ghosh R. Thermo-Responsive Hydrogels for Stimuli-Responsive Membranes. Processes. 2013; 1(3):238-262.
Mah, Evan; Ghosh, Raja. 2013. "Thermo-Responsive Hydrogels for Stimuli-Responsive Membranes." Processes 1, no. 3: 238-262.