Processes 2013, 1(3), 238-262; doi:10.3390/pr1030238

Thermo-Responsive Hydrogels for Stimuli-Responsive Membranes

Received: 26 August 2013; in revised form: 17 September 2013 / Accepted: 18 September 2013 / Published: 30 September 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Composite membranes with stimuli-responsive properties can be made by coating a thermo-responsive hydrogel onto a micro- or macroporous support. These hydrogels undergo a temperature induced volume-phase transition, which contributes towards the composite membrane’s stimuli-responsive properties. This paper reviews research done on complimentary forms of temperature responsive “thermophilic” hydrogels, those exhibiting positive volume-phase transitions in aqueous solvent. The influences of intermolecular forces on the mechanism of phase-transition are discussed along with case examples of typical thermophilic hydrogels.
Keywords: membrane coating; thermo-responsive material; positive volume-phase transition; hydrogel; stimuli-responsive membrane
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mah, E.; Ghosh, R. Thermo-Responsive Hydrogels for Stimuli-Responsive Membranes. Processes 2013, 1, 238-262.

AMA Style

Mah E, Ghosh R. Thermo-Responsive Hydrogels for Stimuli-Responsive Membranes. Processes. 2013; 1(3):238-262.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mah, Evan; Ghosh, Raja. 2013. "Thermo-Responsive Hydrogels for Stimuli-Responsive Membranes." Processes 1, no. 3: 238-262.

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