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Children 2018, 5(9), 124; https://doi.org/10.3390/children5090124

First Aid Practices and Health-Seeking Behaviors of Caregivers for Unintentional Childhood Injuries in Ujjain, India: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study

1
Department of Pediatrics, R. D. Gardi Medical College, Ujjain 456006, India
2
Department of Women and Children’s Health, International Maternal and Child Health Unit, Uppsala University, SE-751 85 Uppsala, Sweden
3
Global Health—Health Systems and Policy, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, SE-171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
4
International Centre for Health Research, Ujjain Charitable Trust Hospital and Research Centre, Ujjain 456006, India
5
Department of Paediatric Surgery, R. D. Gardi Medical College, Ujjain 456006, India
6
Department of Public Health & Environment, R. D. Gardi Medical College, Ujjain 456006, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 July 2018 / Revised: 2 September 2018 / Accepted: 5 September 2018 / Published: 6 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Global and Public Health)
Full-Text   |   PDF [596 KB, uploaded 6 September 2018]   |  

Abstract

Data on types of community first aid use and treatment provided post-injury from many low‒middle-income countries, including India, are lacking. This cross-sectional study was conducted among children aged one month to 18 years of age, in Ujjain, India, to understand types of first aid given and health-seeking post-injury. A total of 1087 injuries in 1049 children were identified in the past year. A total of 729 (67%) injured children received first aid and 758 (70%) sought some form of health care. Children with burns received the most (86%) first aid, and most children (84%) with road traffic accidents (RTA) sought health care. Most children (52%) sought health care from a private health care facility; most children (65%) were transported to a health care facility within the golden hour. Motorbikes were the most preferred (50%) mode of transport. Only 1% of the injured used ambulance services. Commonly reported methods or substances for first aid included the use of coconut oil on wounds from falls (38%) and burns (44%), the use of antiseptic cream on wounds from RTA (31%), the application of turmeric for wounds from falls (16%), and rubbing of metal on a bitten area (47%). For most injuries, appropriate, locally available substances were used. Potentially harmful substances applied included lime, toothpaste, clay, and mud. The findings will help design community interventions to increase the provision of appropriate first aid for childhood injuries. View Full-Text
Keywords: unintentional childhood injuries; first aid; health seeking; community survey injuries; India unintentional childhood injuries; first aid; health seeking; community survey injuries; India
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Pathak, A.; Agrawal, N.; Mehra, L.; Mathur, A.; Diwan, V. First Aid Practices and Health-Seeking Behaviors of Caregivers for Unintentional Childhood Injuries in Ujjain, India: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study. Children 2018, 5, 124.

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