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Children 2018, 5(9), 125; https://doi.org/10.3390/children5090125

Causes of Morbidity and Mortality among Neonates and Children in Post-Conflict Burundi: A Cross-Sectional Retrospective Study

1
Department of Geography and Regional Studies, College of Arts and Sciences, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124, USA
2
Department of Public Health Sciences, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33136, USA
Received: 26 May 2018 / Revised: 9 July 2018 / Accepted: 3 September 2018 / Published: 8 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 5th Anniversary Issue)
Full-Text   |   PDF [213 KB, uploaded 8 September 2018]

Abstract

The risk of a child dying before age five in Burundi is almost 1.6 times higher than that in the World Health Organization (WHO) African region. However, variations in the all-cause mortality rates across Burundi have not yet been measured directly at subnational levels, age group and by gender. The objective of this study was to describe the main causes of hospitalization and mortality in children during the neonatal period and at ages 1 to 59 months, for boys and girls, and to assess the total annual (2010) burden of under-five morbidity and mortality in hospitals using hospitalization records from 21 district hospitals. We found variation in the gender and regional distribution of the five leading causes of hospitalization and death of children under five. Although the five causes accounted for 89% (468/523) of all neonatal hospitalizations, three causes accounted for 93% (10,851/11,632) of all-cause hospitalizations for children ages 1 to 59 months (malaria, lung disease, and acute diarrhea), malaria accounted for 69% (1086/1566) of all deaths at ages 1 to 59 months. In Burundi, human malarial infections continue to be the main cause of hospitalization and mortality among under-five children. View Full-Text
Keywords: neonatal; children; mortality; morbidity; deaths; Sub-Saharan Africa; under-five; incidence; Burundi neonatal; children; mortality; morbidity; deaths; Sub-Saharan Africa; under-five; incidence; Burundi
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Moise, I.K. Causes of Morbidity and Mortality among Neonates and Children in Post-Conflict Burundi: A Cross-Sectional Retrospective Study. Children 2018, 5, 125.

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