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Open AccessCommentary
Children 2018, 5(1), 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/children5010011

Current Evidence on Vitamin D Deficiency and Metabolic Syndrome in Obese Children: What Does the Evidence from Saudi Arabia Tell Us?

1
Public Health, School of Medicine, Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus, Southport, QLD 4222, Australia
2
Understanding Chronic Conditions, Heart, Mind & Body Research Group, Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus, Southport, QLD 4222, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 November 2017 / Revised: 23 December 2017 / Accepted: 11 January 2018 / Published: 15 January 2018
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Abstract

Obesity and vitamin D deficiency represent major health problems among Saudi children, and have been linked to chronic diseases. Obese children are at risk of developing vitamin D deficiency, which appears to have negative influences on energy homeostasis, impeded bone mineralisation, insulin resistance and inflammation. Evidence supporting the association between vitamin D deficiency of obese children and metabolic syndrome has not specifically been studied in early childhood. The mechanisms through which vitamin D deficiency is associated with metabolic syndrome in obese children needs further elucidation. This commentary aims to (i) summarise current knowledge of the association between vitamin D deficiency and metabolic syndrome in obese children; and (ii) discuss current evidence for the association among Saudi Arabian children. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; obesity; metabolic syndrome; vitamin D; Saudi Arabia children; obesity; metabolic syndrome; vitamin D; Saudi Arabia
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Alaklabi, A.M.; Alsharairi, N.A. Current Evidence on Vitamin D Deficiency and Metabolic Syndrome in Obese Children: What Does the Evidence from Saudi Arabia Tell Us? Children 2018, 5, 11.

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