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Children 2017, 4(8), 62; doi:10.3390/children4080062

DSM-5 Changes in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder: Implications for Comorbid Sleep Issues

1
Department of Psychiatry, Compass Health Network, Wentzville, MO 63385, USA
2
Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Missouri-Columbia School of Medicine, 1 Hospital Drive, Columbia, MO 65212, USA
Received: 18 May 2017 / Revised: 7 July 2017 / Accepted: 26 July 2017 / Published: 27 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sleep Medicine in Children and Adolescents)
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Abstract

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are the most common neurodevelopmental disorders. Despite significant comorbidity, the previous diagnostic criteria prohibited the simultaneous diagnosis of both disorders. Sleep problems are highly prevalent in both disorders; however, these have been studied independently for ADHD and ASD. In the context of revised criteria in the Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th edition (DSM-5) that allows combined diagnosis of ADHD and ASD, this short review presents an overview of relationship between sleep problems, ADHD and ASD, as well as conceptualizing the shared pathophysiology. The practical considerations for clinical management of sleep problems in combination with ADHD and ASD are also discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: sleep; ADHD; autism; DSM-5; comorbidity; neurodevelopmental disorders sleep; ADHD; autism; DSM-5; comorbidity; neurodevelopmental disorders
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ramtekkar, U.P. DSM-5 Changes in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder: Implications for Comorbid Sleep Issues. Children 2017, 4, 62.

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