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Children 2017, 4(3), 16; doi:10.3390/children4030016

The Role of Mindfulness in Reducing the Adverse Effects of Childhood Stress and Trauma

1
Departments of Internal Medicine and Pediatrics Johns Hopkins Hospital, 1800 Orleans Street, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA, Robin.Ortiz@jhmi.edu
2
Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 733 North Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hilary McClafferty
Received: 26 January 2016 / Revised: 19 February 2017 / Accepted: 21 February 2017 / Published: 28 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mind-Body Medicine in Children and Adolescents)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1181 KB, uploaded 28 February 2017]   |  

Abstract

Research suggests that many children are exposed to adverse experiences in childhood. Such adverse childhood exposures may result in stress and trauma, which are associated with increased morbidity and mortality into adulthood. In general populations and trauma-exposed adults, mindfulness interventions have demonstrated reduced depression and anxiety, reduced trauma-related symptoms, enhanced coping and mood, and improved quality of life. Studies in children and youth also demonstrate that mindfulness interventions improve mental, behavioral, and physical outcomes. Taken together, this research suggests that high-quality, structured mindfulness instruction may mitigate the negative effects of stress and trauma related to adverse childhood exposures, improving short- and long-term outcomes, and potentially reducing poor health outcomes in adulthood. Future work is needed to optimize implementation of youth-based mindfulness programs and to study long-term outcomes into adulthood. View Full-Text
Keywords: trauma; mindfulness; adverse childhood events; resilience; MBSR; mind-body; ACEs; at-risk youth; childhood adversity; toxic stress; allostatic load trauma; mindfulness; adverse childhood events; resilience; MBSR; mind-body; ACEs; at-risk youth; childhood adversity; toxic stress; allostatic load
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ortiz, R.; Sibinga, E.M. The Role of Mindfulness in Reducing the Adverse Effects of Childhood Stress and Trauma. Children 2017, 4, 16.

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