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Erratum published on 18 April 2016, see Children 2016, 3(2), 6.

Open AccessEditorial
Children 2016, 3(1), 4;

Averting the Legacy of Kidney Disease—Focus on Childhood

World Kidney Day, International Society of Nephrology, in Collaboration with International Federation of Kidney Foundation, Rues de Fabriques 1B, 1000 Brussels, Belgium
Members of the World Kidney Day Steering Committee are: Philip Kam Tao Li, Guillermo Garcia-Garcia, William G. Couser, Timur Erk, Julie R Ingelfinger, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Charles Kernahan, Charlotte Osafo, Miguel C. Riella, Luca Segantini, Elena Zakharova.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 December 2015 / Accepted: 6 January 2016 / Published: 8 February 2016
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World Kidney Day 2016 focuses on kidney disease in childhood and the antecedents of adult kidney disease that can begin in earliest childhood. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in childhood differs from that in adults, as the largest diagnostic group among children includes congenital anomalies and inherited disorders, with glomerulopathies and kidney disease in the setting of diabetes being relatively uncommon. In addition, many children with acute kidney injury will ultimately develop sequelae that may lead to hypertension and CKD in later childhood or in adult life. Children born early or who are small-for date newborns have relatively increased risk for the development of CKD later in life. Persons with a high-risk birth and early childhood history should be watched closely in order to help detect early signs of kidney disease in time to provide effective prevention or treatment. Successful therapy is feasible for advanced CKD in childhood; there is evidence that children fare better than adults if they receive kidney replacement therapy, including dialysis and transplantation, while only a minority of children may require this ultimate intervention. Since there are disparities in access to care, effort is needed so that those children with kidney disease, wherever they live, may be treated effectively, irrespective of their geographic or economic circumstances. Our hope is that World Kidney Day will inform the general public, policy makers and caregivers about the needs and possibilities surrounding kidney disease in childhood. “For in every adult there dwells the child that was, and in every child there lies the adult that will be.”—John Connolly, The Book of Lost Things. View Full-Text
Keywords: chronic kidney disease; pediatrics, pediatric nephrology. chronic kidney disease; pediatrics, pediatric nephrology.

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Ingelfinger, J.R.; Kalantar-Zadeh, K.; Schaefer, F.; On behalf of the World Kidney Day Steering Committee. Averting the Legacy of Kidney Disease—Focus on Childhood. Children 2016, 3, 4.

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