Next Article in Journal
Averting the Legacy of Kidney Disease—Focus on Childhood
Previous Article in Journal
Acknowledgement to Reviewers of Children in 2015
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Children 2016, 3(1), 3; doi:10.3390/children3010003

Determinants of Body Mass Index and Intelligence Quotient of Elementary School Children in Mountain Area of Nepal: An Explorative Study

1
Department of Preventive Medicine, Wonju College of Medicine, Yonsei University, 20 Ilsanro, WonjuCity, Gangwon-do 26426, Korea
2
Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development, Yonsei University, Yonseidae – gil, WonjuCity, Gangwon-do 26493, Korea
3
Health Science Foundations and Study Center, GPO – 44600 Kathmandu, Nepal
4
Department of Business Administration, Yonsei University, 1 Yonseidae – gil , Wonju City, Gangwon-do 26493, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sari Acra
Received: 26 October 2015 / Revised: 10 December 2015 / Accepted: 13 January 2016 / Published: 3 February 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [964 KB, uploaded 3 February 2016]   |  

Abstract

The physical growth and cognitive development of elementary school children are very crucial and this group is large in number but has little research dedicated to it. The physical growth and cognitive development of children occur simultaneously and can be measured by body mass index (BMI) and intelligence quotient (IQ). Previous studies could not sufficiently focus on both aspects. The aim of this study was to identify determinants of BMI and IQ of students in two elementary schools in the Humla district of Nepal. Two randomly selected elementary schools and all children available there (n = 173) participated in the study. BMI was calculated with the objective of proper measurement of height and weight of the children. Likewise, the updated universal nonverbal intelligence test (UNIT) was applied for IQ. Descriptive statistics, t-test, analysis of variance and multiple linear regressions were used when appropriate. Study findings showed that one-tenth of the children had grade 2 thinness (-2SD) and about one-third had poor IQ (<85). The age of the children (p < 0.05) and household economic status (p < 0.001) were significant for the BMI. Likewise, frequencies of illness in the previous year, mother’s education (p < 0.05) and father’s education (p < 0.001) were significant factors for the IQ score. More commonly, BMI and IQ scores were significantly lower in the ultra-poor group. Economic status and parent education are still major determinants of IQ and BMI in these students. Special programs and strategies should be launched to improve the poor ranking of IQ and BMI. View Full-Text
Keywords: body mass index; intelligence quotient; growth; development body mass index; intelligence quotient; growth; development
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Ranabhat, C.; Kim, C.-B.; Park, M.B.; Kim, C.S.; Freidoony, L. Determinants of Body Mass Index and Intelligence Quotient of Elementary School Children in Mountain Area of Nepal: An Explorative Study. Children 2016, 3, 3.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Children EISSN 2227-9067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top