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Healthcare 2016, 4(2), 33; doi:10.3390/healthcare4020033

Getting “Unstuck”: A Multi-Site Evaluation of the Efficacy of an Interdisciplinary Pain Intervention Program for Chronic Low Back Pain

1
Baylor Center for Pain Management, 3600 Gaston Ave, Wadley Tower, Suite 360, Dallas, TX 75246, USA
2
Eugene McDermott Center for Pain Management—University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 1801 Inwood Avenue, Suite WA 7.5, Dallas, TX 75390, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Robert J. Gatchel and Sampath Parthasarathy
Received: 16 December 2015 / Revised: 2 June 2016 / Accepted: 3 June 2016 / Published: 14 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Low Back Pain: Recent Advances And Perspectives)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [221 KB, uploaded 14 June 2016]

Abstract

Chronic low back pain is one of the major health problems in the U.S., resulting in a large number of years of disability. To address the biopsychosocial nature of pain, interdisciplinary pain programs provide integrated interventions by an interdisciplinary team in a unified setting with unified goals. This study examined outcomes of an interdisciplinary program located at two sites with different staff, yet with a unified model of treatment and documentation. Efficacy at the combined sites was examined by comparing standard measures obtained upon admission to the program with measures at completion of a 3–4 week long program for 393 patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). Repeated measures included pain severity, pain interference, efficacy of self-management strategies, hours of activity, depression, ability to do ADLs, and physical endurance. All repeated measures differed at the p < 0.001 level, with large effect sizes (0.66–0.85). Eighty-two percent of graduates reported being “very much improved” or “much improved”. A second analyses provided evidence that treatment effects were robust across sites with no differences (<0.001) found on five of seven selected outcome measures. A third analysis found that number of days of treatment was correlated on three of seven measures at the <0.01 level. However, the amount of variance explained by days of treatment was under 5% on even the most highly correlated measure. These finding are consistent with previous research and explore short-term effectiveness of treatment across treatment sites and with variable duration of treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: low back pain; interdisciplinary treatment; effectiveness; biopsychosocial; outcome measures low back pain; interdisciplinary treatment; effectiveness; biopsychosocial; outcome measures
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Clark, T.; Wakim, J.C.; Noe, C. Getting “Unstuck”: A Multi-Site Evaluation of the Efficacy of an Interdisciplinary Pain Intervention Program for Chronic Low Back Pain. Healthcare 2016, 4, 33.

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