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Healthcare 2015, 3(4), 1086-1096; doi:10.3390/healthcare3041086

Family History of Sudden Cardiac Death of the Young: Prevalence and Associated Factors

1
Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
2
Genomics and Genetic Disorders Section, Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Lansing, MI 48913, USA
3
Chronic Disease Epidemiology Section, Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Lansing, MI 48913, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sampath Parthasarathy
Received: 23 July 2015 / Revised: 27 October 2015 / Accepted: 28 October 2015 / Published: 9 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Implementation of Public Health Genomics)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [109 KB, uploaded 9 November 2015]

Abstract

Sudden cardiac death of the young (SCDY) is a devastating event for families and communities. Family history is a significant risk factor for this potentially preventable cause of death, however a complete and detailed family history is not commonly obtained during routine health maintenance visits. To estimate the proportion of adults with a family history of SCDY, the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) Genomics Program included two questions within the 2007 Michigan Behavioral Risk Factor Survey (MiBRFS). Prevalence estimates and 95% confidence intervals were calculated. Among adults in Michigan, 6.3% reported a family history of SCDY, with a greater prevalence among blacks, those with lower household income, and those with less education. Among those reporting a family history of SCDY, 42.3% had at least one first-degree relative and 26.2% had multiple affected family members. This is the first study to demonstrate the prevalence of family history of SCDY while also highlighting key sociodemographic characteristics associated with increased prevalence. These findings should guide evidence-based interventions to reach those at greatest risk. View Full-Text
Keywords: sudden cardiac death; genomics; family history; health disparities sudden cardiac death; genomics; family history; health disparities
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

White, M.J.; Duquette, D.; Bach, J.; Rafferty, A.P.; Fussman, C.; Sharangpani, R.; Russell, M.W. Family History of Sudden Cardiac Death of the Young: Prevalence and Associated Factors. Healthcare 2015, 3, 1086-1096.

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