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Healthcare 2015, 3(3), 838-845; doi:10.3390/healthcare3030838

The Continuing and Growing Epidemic of Chronic Low Back Pain

The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019, USA
Academic Editor: Sampath Parthasarathy
Received: 7 July 2015 / Revised: 26 August 2015 / Accepted: 6 September 2015 / Published: 15 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Low Back Pain: Recent Advances And Perspectives)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [92 KB, uploaded 15 September 2015]

Abstract

Because of the great prevalence of chronic pain, it is not surprising that there have been a number of influential reports by the Institute of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, and the World Health Organization that have documented the medical, social and economic problems caused by it, and the need for better pain-management programs. The present article briefly reviews these reports, and then focuses on three important areas that need to be considered when addressing the continuing and growing epidemic of one of the most prevalent types of chronic pain [chronic low back pain (CLBP)]: the biopsychosocial model of chronic pain; the paradigm shift in medicine from a disease model to an illness model of CLBP; and a review of the treatment- and cost-effectiveness of interdisciplinary chronic pain management programs. This overview will serve as an important prelude to other topics related to low back pain included in this Special Issue of Healthcare. Topics covered will range from assessment and treatment approaches, to important psychosocial mediators/moderators such as coping and pain beliefs. View Full-Text
Keywords: chronic pain prevalence; low back pain; biopsychosocial model; interdisciplinary chronic pain management; illness versus disease chronic pain prevalence; low back pain; biopsychosocial model; interdisciplinary chronic pain management; illness versus disease
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gatchel, R.J. The Continuing and Growing Epidemic of Chronic Low Back Pain. Healthcare 2015, 3, 838-845.

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