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Healthcare 2015, 3(3), 695-709; doi:10.3390/healthcare3030695

The Effects of Resistance Training on Physical Function and Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Survivors

1
School of Health and Human Performance, Georgia College and State University, Campus Box 112, Milledgeville, GA 31061, USA
2
School of Nutrition and Dietetics, The University of AkronSchrank Hall South 210M, Akron, OH 44325, USA
3
Department of Nutrition, Food, and Exercise Sciences, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
4
Center for Advancing Exercise and Nutrition Research on Aging, Florida State University, 0412 Sandals Bldg., Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Joanne Reid and Helen Noble
Received: 1 April 2015 / Revised: 26 July 2015 / Accepted: 26 July 2015 / Published: 11 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Holistic Needs of Those Living with and beyond Breast Cancer)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [124 KB, uploaded 11 August 2015]

Abstract

Breast cancer survivors (BCS) exhibit decreased physical function and quality of life (QOL) following cancer treatments. Resistance training (RT) may elicit positive changes in physical and mental well-being. This study assessed 27 BCS, pre-and post-intervention (six months) on the following variables: muscular strength (via one repetition maximum (1RM) of chest press and leg extension), physical function (via the Continuous Scale-Physical Functional Performance test) and QOL (via the Short Form-36 survey). RT consisted of two days/week of ten exercises including two sets of 8–12 repetitions at 52%–69% of their 1RM. A repeated measures analysis of variance revealed BCS significantly (p < 0.05) increased upper (71 ± 22 to 89 ± 22 kg) and lower body (74 ± 18 to 93 ± 24 kg) strength, total physical function (65.5 ± 12.1 to 73.6 ± 12.2 units) and the subcomponents of physical function: upper body strength (63.5 ± 16.3 to 71.2 ± 16.8 units), lower body strength (58.5 ± 14.9 to 68.6 ± 16.3 units), balance and coordination (66.5 ± 12.2 to 74.6 ± 11.6 units), and endurance (67.2 ± 12.0 to 75.0 ± 11.6 units). No changes were observed over time for subjective measures of physical function and QOL. Results showed RT could be an effective means to improve objective physical function in BCS. Further research is needed to clarify the effects of RT on subjective physical function and QOL. View Full-Text
Keywords: breast cancer survivors; physical function; quality of life; resistance training breast cancer survivors; physical function; quality of life; resistance training
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Simonavice, E.; Liu, P.-Y.; Ilich, J.Z.; Kim, J.-S.; Arjmandi, B.H.; Panton, L.B. The Effects of Resistance Training on Physical Function and Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Survivors. Healthcare 2015, 3, 695-709.

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