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Proteomes 2015, 3(4), 496-511; doi:10.3390/proteomes3040496

Proteomics in the Study of Bacterial Keratitis

Ophthalmology Department, Summa Health System, 525 East Market St, 274 Old Medical Building, Akron, OH 44304, USA
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Academic Editors: Michael Hecker and Katharina Riedel
Received: 5 August 2015 / Revised: 13 November 2015 / Accepted: 7 December 2015 / Published: 14 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microbial Proteomics)
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Abstract

Bacterial keratitis is a serious ocular infection that can cause severe visual loss if treatment is not initiated at an early stage. It is most commonly caused by Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Streptococcus pneumoniae, or Serratia species. Depending on the invading organism, bacterial keratitis can progress rapidly, leading to corneal destruction and potential blindness. Common risk factors for bacterial keratitis include contact lens wear, ocular trauma, ocular surface disease, ocular surgery, lid deformity, chronic use of topical steroids, contaminated ocular medications or solutions, and systemic immunosuppression. The pathogenesis of bacterial keratitis, which depends on the bacterium-host interaction and the virulence of the invading bacterium, is complicated and not completely understood. This review highlights some of the proteomic technologies that have been used to identify virulence factors and the host response to infections of bacterial keratitis in order to understand the disease process and develop improved methods of diagnosis and treatment. Although work in this field is not abundant, proteomic technologies have provided valuable information toward our current knowledge of bacterial keratitis. More studies using global proteomic approaches are warranted because it is an important tool to identify novel targets for intervention and prevention of corneal damage caused by these virulent microorganisms. View Full-Text
Keywords: keratitis; proteomics; bacteria; ELISA; western blotting; antibody arrays keratitis; proteomics; bacteria; ELISA; western blotting; antibody arrays
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bouhenni, R.; Dunmire, J.; Rowe, T.; Bates, J. Proteomics in the Study of Bacterial Keratitis. Proteomes 2015, 3, 496-511.

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