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Educ. Sci. 2017, 7(1), 1; doi:10.3390/educsci7010001

Teaching Methods in Biology Education and Sustainability Education Including Outdoor Education for Promoting Sustainability—A Literature Review

1
Faculty of Education, University of Oulu, 90014 Oulu, Finland
2
Faculty of Education and Welfare Studies, Åbo Akademi University, 20500 Turku, Finland
3
Faculty of Education, University of Turku, 20500 Turku, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: James Albright
Received: 31 October 2016 / Revised: 7 December 2016 / Accepted: 14 December 2016 / Published: 22 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Teaching Methods in Science Subjects Promoting Sustainability)
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Abstract

There are very few studies concerning the importance of teaching methods in biology education and environmental education including outdoor education for promoting sustainability at the levels of primary and secondary schools and pre-service teacher education. The material was selected using special keywords from biology and sustainable education in several scientific databases. The article provides an overview of 24 selected articles published in peer-reviewed scientific journals from 2006–2016. The data was analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Altogether, 16 journals were selected and 24 articles were analyzed in detail. The foci of the analyses were teaching methods, learning environments, knowledge and thinking skills, psychomotor skills, emotions and attitudes, and evaluation methods. Additionally, features of good methods were investigated and their implications for teaching were emphasized. In total, 22 different teaching methods were found to improve sustainability education in different ways. The most emphasized teaching methods were those in which students worked in groups and participated actively in learning processes. Research points toward the value of teaching methods that provide a good introduction and supportive guidelines and include active participation and interactivity. View Full-Text
Keywords: biology education; sustainability education; environmental education; education for sustainable development; outdoor education; primary schools; secondary schools; pre-service teacher education; literature review biology education; sustainability education; environmental education; education for sustainable development; outdoor education; primary schools; secondary schools; pre-service teacher education; literature review
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Jeronen, E.; Palmberg, I.; Yli-Panula, E. Teaching Methods in Biology Education and Sustainability Education Including Outdoor Education for Promoting Sustainability—A Literature Review. Educ. Sci. 2017, 7, 1.

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