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Educ. Sci. 2016, 6(3), 21; doi:10.3390/educsci6030021

Perfectionism, Coping, and Underachievement in Gifted Adolescents: Avoidance vs. Approach Orientations

1
Gifted Services, Sumner County Schools, 695 E. Main St., Gallatin, TN 37066, USA
2
College of Education, Lipscomb University, 1 University Park Dr., Nashville, TN 37204, USA
3
College of Education, Tennessee State University, 3500 John A Merritt Blvd, Nashville, TN 37209, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Steven I. Pfeiffer
Received: 29 April 2016 / Revised: 14 June 2016 / Accepted: 6 July 2016 / Published: 19 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Gifted and Talented and Creativity Research)
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Abstract

Perfectionism can influence how one approaches challenges and deals with setbacks, and, consequently, can inhibit or facilitate achievement. The present study (1) explored the relationship between Frost’s six dimensions of perfectionism and five types of coping strategies; (2) examined how dimensions of perfectionism predict coping in response to academic stress; and (3) investigated differences between gifted underachievers and other gifted students on perfectionism and coping among 130 American gifted students in grades 6–8. Results of stepwise regression models revealed approach coping was predicted by adaptive perfectionism (Positive Strivings-notably Organization), whereas avoidance coping (Internalizing, Externalizing, and Distancing) was predicted by various combined models. Gifted underachievers displayed lower Positive Strivings perfectionism scores and lower positive coping when compared to achievers. This information is helpful when considering ways to guide gifted students to high levels of academic achievement while utilizing adaptive approaches. View Full-Text
Keywords: perfectionism; coping; gifted; underachievement; positive strivings; evaluative concerns; approach coping; avoidance coping; academic stress perfectionism; coping; gifted; underachievement; positive strivings; evaluative concerns; approach coping; avoidance coping; academic stress
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Mofield, E.; Parker Peters, M.; Chakraborti-Ghosh, S. Perfectionism, Coping, and Underachievement in Gifted Adolescents: Avoidance vs. Approach Orientations. Educ. Sci. 2016, 6, 21.

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