Next Article in Journal
Reliability and Validity of the Multidimensional Scale of Life Skills in Late Childhood
Previous Article in Journal
Fuzzy Logic and Education: Teaching the Basics of Fuzzy Logic through an Example (by Way of Cycling)
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Educ. Sci. 2013, 3(2), 98-120;

How Data Are Used and Misused in Schools: Perceptions from Teachers and Principals

Associate Professor, North Carolina State University, Leadership, Policy and Adult and Higher Education, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 February 2013 / Revised: 15 March 2013 / Accepted: 22 March 2013 / Published: 12 April 2013
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [105 KB, uploaded 12 April 2013]   |  


Education reform efforts have mandated the use of student achievement data in schools. This Q-methodology study investigates the perceptions of principals and teachers about how data are used or misused. Principals in the sample were found to use data mostly to evaluate the school, make improvements, and model best practices of data use. Teachers used data to improve instruction and outcomes for students. Results indicate a need to create an assessment savvy environment where data are used to improve practices. View Full-Text
Keywords: school data; school leadership; Q-methodology; teachers school data; school leadership; Q-methodology; teachers

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Militello, M.; Bass, L.; Jackson, K.T.; Wang, Y. How Data Are Used and Misused in Schools: Perceptions from Teachers and Principals. Educ. Sci. 2013, 3, 98-120.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Educ. Sci. EISSN 2227-7102 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top