Educ. Sci. 2013, 3(2), 98-120; doi:10.3390/educsci3020098
Article

How Data Are Used and Misused in Schools: Perceptions from Teachers and Principals

Received: 12 February 2013; in revised form: 15 March 2013 / Accepted: 22 March 2013 / Published: 12 April 2013
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Education reform efforts have mandated the use of student achievement data in schools. This Q-methodology study investigates the perceptions of principals and teachers about how data are used or misused. Principals in the sample were found to use data mostly to evaluate the school, make improvements, and model best practices of data use. Teachers used data to improve instruction and outcomes for students. Results indicate a need to create an assessment savvy environment where data are used to improve practices.
Keywords: school data; school leadership; Q-methodology; teachers
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MDPI and ACS Style

Militello, M.; Bass, L.; Jackson, K.T.; Wang, Y. How Data Are Used and Misused in Schools: Perceptions from Teachers and Principals. Educ. Sci. 2013, 3, 98-120.

AMA Style

Militello M, Bass L, Jackson KT, Wang Y. How Data Are Used and Misused in Schools: Perceptions from Teachers and Principals. Education Sciences. 2013; 3(2):98-120.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Militello, Matthew; Bass, Lisa; Jackson, Karen T.; Wang, Yuling. 2013. "How Data Are Used and Misused in Schools: Perceptions from Teachers and Principals." Educ. Sci. 3, no. 2: 98-120.

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