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Educ. Sci. 2013, 3(2), 121-135; doi:10.3390/educsci3020121
Article

Reliability and Validity of the Multidimensional Scale of Life Skills in Late Childhood

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1 Educational Support Center, Kyoto University of Education, 1 Fujinomori-cho, Fukakusa, Fushimi-ku, Kyoto 612-8522, Japan 2 Faculty of Education, University of the Ryukyus, 1 Senbaru, Nishihara-cho, Nakagami, Okinawa 903-0213, Japan 3 Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University, 1-1-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima city, Hiroshima 839-8524, Japan 4 Faculty of Education, Kagoshima University, 1-20-6 Korimoto, Kagoshima 890-0065, Japan 5 Faculty of Life Sciences, Swiss German University, Edu Town BSD City, Kav. II.1, Tangerang 15339, Indonesia 6 Faculty of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus, 207 Uehara, Nakagami, Okinawa 903-0125, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 September 2012 / Revised: 27 March 2013 / Accepted: 2 April 2013 / Published: 12 April 2013
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Abstract

This study investigated the reliability and validity of the Multidimensional Scale of Life Skills in Late Childhood, an instrument designed to measure a concept similar to “zest for living” in late childhood. A total of 1,888 elementary school students in the 4th, 5th, and 6th grades residing in urban and suburban areas as well as in remote islands of 3 prefectures (Okinawa, Kagoshima, and Nagasaki) were surveyed. On the basis of our analysis, 24 items and seven factors were extracted. These factors are problem-solving/synthesis, relationship with friends, personal manners, decision-making and future planning, self-learning, collecting and using information, and leadership. Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficients were computed for each subscale and ranged from 0.71 to 0.87. Test-retest reliability coefficient values ranged from 0.68 to 0.79. To examine the construct validity of the scales, a goodness-of-fit model was determined by confirmatory factor analysis, and satisfactory values were found (GFI = 0.952, AGFI = 0.937, CFI = 0.966, RMSEA = 0.016). The validity of the goodness-of-fit model and the reliability of the scales indicate that the Multidimensional Scale of Life Skills in Late Childhood is an effective assessment tool.
Keywords: life skills; “zest for living”; multidimensional scale; late childhood life skills; “zest for living”; multidimensional scale; late childhood
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Kobayashi, M.; Gushiken, T.; Ganaha, Y.; Sasazawa, Y.; Iwata, S.; Takemura, A.; Fujita, T.; Asikin, Y.; Takakura, M. Reliability and Validity of the Multidimensional Scale of Life Skills in Late Childhood. Educ. Sci. 2013, 3, 121-135.

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