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Educ. Sci. 2012, 2(4), 193-207; doi:10.3390/educsci2040193
Article

How Finnish Adolescents Understand History: Disciplinary Thinking in History and Its Assessment Among 16-Year-Old Finns

Received: 9 August 2012; in revised form: 9 October 2012 / Accepted: 18 October 2012 / Published: 31 October 2012
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Abstract: The success of discipline-based teaching requires an interplay between substantive and procedural knowledge. In Finland, disciplinary thinking was included in the National Core Curriculum and in the final assessment criteria a decade ago, which meant a change in history teaching. The outcome of this change is examined in the article with the help of a national-level history test that was conducted in 2011 among 16-year-old Finns. In the test, the adolescents fared moderately well in tasks involving substantive knowledge but more poorly in tasks which measured the mastering of procedural knowledge. In particular, the interplay between these proved to be difficult for the students. The students’ knowledge was found to correspond with the earlier curriculum rather than the objectives of the present one, revealing that not all of the teachers were teaching in accordance with the present demands.
Keywords: history teaching; historical thinking; disciplinary thinking; procedural knowledge; substantive knowledge; evaluation; Finland history teaching; historical thinking; disciplinary thinking; procedural knowledge; substantive knowledge; evaluation; Finland
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Rantala, J. How Finnish Adolescents Understand History: Disciplinary Thinking in History and Its Assessment Among 16-Year-Old Finns. Educ. Sci. 2012, 2, 193-207.

AMA Style

Rantala J. How Finnish Adolescents Understand History: Disciplinary Thinking in History and Its Assessment Among 16-Year-Old Finns. Education Sciences. 2012; 2(4):193-207.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rantala, Jukka. 2012. "How Finnish Adolescents Understand History: Disciplinary Thinking in History and Its Assessment Among 16-Year-Old Finns." Educ. Sci. 2, no. 4: 193-207.


Educ. Sci. EISSN 2227-7102 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert