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Technologies 2017, 5(4), 65; doi:10.3390/technologies5040065

Bushfire Disaster Monitoring System Using Low Power Wide Area Networks (LPWAN)

School of Information Technology, Deakin University, Burwood VIC 3125, Australia
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Received: 21 September 2017 / Revised: 2 October 2017 / Accepted: 2 October 2017 / Published: 8 October 2017
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Abstract

Some applications, including disaster monitoring and recovery networks, use low-power wide-area networks (LPWAN). LPWAN sensors capture data bits and transmit them to public carrier networks (e.g., cellular networks) via dedicated gateways. One of the challenges encountered in disaster management scenarios revolves around the carry/forward sensed data and geographical location information dissemination to the disaster relief operatives (disaster relief agency; DRA) to identify, characterise, and prioritise the affected areas. There are network topology options to reach its destination, including cellular, circuit switched, and peer-to-peer networks. In the context of natural disaster prediction, it is vital to access geographical location data as well as the timestamp. This paper proposes the usage of Pseudo A Number (PAN), that is, the calling party address, which is used by every network to include the location information instead of the actual calling party address of the gateway in LPWAN. This PAN information can be further analysed by the DRA to identify the affected areas and predict the complications of the disaster impacts in addition to the past history of damages. This paper aims to propose a solution that can predict disaster proceedings based on propagation and the velocity of impact using vector calculation of the location data and the timestamp, which are transmitted by sensors through the PAN of the gateway in LPWAN. View Full-Text
Keywords: Pseudo A Number (PAN); lower power wide area network (LPWAN); disaster recovery system; machine to machine (M2M) interface; disaster recovery assistance agency (DRA); calling party address Pseudo A Number (PAN); lower power wide area network (LPWAN); disaster recovery system; machine to machine (M2M) interface; disaster recovery assistance agency (DRA); calling party address
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kang, J.J.; Adibi, S. Bushfire Disaster Monitoring System Using Low Power Wide Area Networks (LPWAN). Technologies 2017, 5, 65.

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