Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
The Effects of the Clock and Kickoff Rule Changes on Actual and Market-Based Expected Scoring in NCAA Football
Previous Article in Journal
Sovereign Credit Risk and Stock Markets–Does the Markets’ Dependency Increase with Financial Distress?
Previous Article in Special Issue
Systematic Positive Expected Returns in the UK Fixed Odds Betting Market: An Analysis of the Fink Tank Predictions
Int. J. Financial Stud. 2014, 2(1), 168-178; doi:10.3390/ijfs2010168

The Long-Term Game: An Analysis of the Life Expectancy of National Football League Players

2,* , 2
1 Department of Economics and Econometrics, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Groningen, PO Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands 2 Department of Economics and Accounting, College of the Holy Cross, One College Street, Worcester, MA 01610, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 February 2014 / Revised: 5 March 2014 / Accepted: 10 March 2014 / Published: 18 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sports Finance)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [256 KB, uploaded 18 March 2014]   |   Browse Figure


The National Football League (NFL) has recently received significant negative media attention surrounding the safety of its players, revolving largely around the long term health risks of playing the sport. Recent premature deaths and instances of suicide associated with chronic traumatic encephalopathy and other football related injuries have brought the sport under increased scrutiny. By comparing mortality rates of the general population to mortality rates of players using publically available data from the 1970 and 1994 NFL seasons, we test whether participation in football is significantly harmful to the longevity of the players. We conclude that, in total, players in the NFL have lower mortality rates than the general population. However, there is evidence that line players have higher mortality rates than other players and that those who played more games have higher mortality rates than those who played fewer games.
Keywords: National Football League; premature deaths; survivability; injuries National Football League; premature deaths; survivability; injuries
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
MDPI and ACS Style

Koning, R.; Matheson, V.; Nathan, A.; Pantano, J. The Long-Term Game: An Analysis of the Life Expectancy of National Football League Players. Int. J. Financial Stud. 2014, 2, 168-178.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics


Cited By

[Return to top]
Int. J. Financial Stud. EISSN 2227-7072 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert