Pharmacy Practice and Education in Bulgaria
AbstractPharmacies in Bulgaria have a monopoly on the dispensing of medicinal products that are authorized in the Republic of Bulgaria, as well as medical devices, food additives, cosmetics, and sanitary/hygienic articles. Aptekari (pharmacists) act as responsible pharmacists, pharmacy owners, and managers. They follow a five year Masters of Science in Pharmacy (M.Sc. Pharm.) degree course with a six month traineeship. Pomoshnik-farmacevti (assistant pharmacists) follow a three year degree with a six month traineeship. They can prepare medicines and dispense OTC medicines under the supervision of a pharmacist. The first and second year of the M.Sc. Pharm. degree are devoted to chemical sciences, mathematics, botany and medical sciences. Years three and four center on pharmaceutical technology, pharmacology, pharmacognosy, pharmaco-economics, and social pharmacy, while year five focuses on pharmaceutical care, patient counselling, pharmacotherapy, and medical sciences. A six month traineeship finishes the fifth year together with redaction of a master thesis, and the four state examinations with which university studies end. Industrial pharmacy and clinical (hospital) pharmacy practice are integrated disciplines in some Bulgarian higher education institutions such as the Faculty of Pharmacy of the Medical University of Sofia. Pharmacy practice and education in Bulgaria are organized in a fashion very similar to that in most member states of the European Union. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Petkova, V.; Atkinson, J. Pharmacy Practice and Education in Bulgaria. Pharmacy 2017, 5, 35.
Petkova V, Atkinson J. Pharmacy Practice and Education in Bulgaria. Pharmacy. 2017; 5(3):35.Chicago/Turabian Style
Petkova, Valentina; Atkinson, Jeffrey. 2017. "Pharmacy Practice and Education in Bulgaria." Pharmacy 5, no. 3: 35.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.