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Pharmacy 2017, 5(1), 10; doi:10.3390/pharmacy5010010

Implementation of Competency-Based Pharmacy Education (CBPE)

1
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Utrecht University, The Netherlands and European Association of Faculties of Pharmacy (EAFP), Utrecht 3508 TB, The Netherlands
2
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht 3508 TB, The Netherlands
3
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The Netherlands and Centre for Teaching and Learning, Utrecht University, Utrecht 3508 TB, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jeffrey Atkinson
Received: 4 January 2017 / Revised: 8 February 2017 / Accepted: 16 February 2017 / Published: 21 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Competence Training for Pharmacy)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2378 KB, uploaded 21 February 2017]   |  

Abstract

Implementation of competency-based pharmacy education (CBPE) is a time-consuming, complicated process, which requires agreement on the tasks of a pharmacist, commitment, institutional stability, and a goal-directed developmental perspective of all stakeholders involved. In this article the main steps in the development of a fully-developed competency-based pharmacy curriculum (bachelor, master) are described and tips are given for a successful implementation. After the choice for entering into CBPE is made and a competency framework is adopted (step 1), intended learning outcomes are defined (step 2), followed by analyzing the required developmental trajectory (step 3) and the selection of appropriate assessment methods (step 4). Designing the teaching-learning environment involves the selection of learning activities, student experiences, and instructional methods (step 5). Finally, an iterative process of evaluation and adjustment of individual courses, and the curriculum as a whole, is entered (step 6). Successful implementation of CBPE requires a system of effective quality management and continuous professional development as a teacher. In this article suggestions for the organization of CBPE and references to more detailed literature are given, hoping to facilitate the implementation of CBPE. View Full-Text
Keywords: assessment; competence; competency-based education; constructive alignment; curriculum; development; entrustable professional activity; learning outcomes assessment; competence; competency-based education; constructive alignment; curriculum; development; entrustable professional activity; learning outcomes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Koster, A.; Schalekamp, T.; Meijerman, I. Implementation of Competency-Based Pharmacy Education (CBPE). Pharmacy 2017, 5, 10.

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