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Assessment of Family Planning Services at Community Pharmacies in San Diego, California
Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, MC 0657, La Jolla, CA 92093-0657, USA
Independent Consultant, Richmond, CA 94805, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 June 2013; in revised form: 21 August 2013 / Accepted: 25 September 2013 / Published: 11 October 2013
Abstract: Levonorgestrel emergency contraception and other contraceptive methods are available over-the-counter (OTC); however youth continue to face a number of barriers in accessing healthcare services, including lack of knowledge of the method, fear of loss of privacy, difficulties in finding a provider, and cost. A descriptive, nonexperimental, cross-sectional study of a sample of 112 community pharmacies in San Diego, California was conducted between December 2009 and January 2010 to assess community pharmacy practices related to the availability and accessibility of family planning health pharmacy services and products, particularly to youth. A majority (n = 79/112, 70.5%) of the pharmacies carried a wide selection of male condoms; however, the other OTC nonhormonal contraceptive products were either not available or available with limited selection. A majority of the pharmacies sold emergency contraception (n = 88/111, 78.6%). Most patient counseling areas consisted of either a public or a semi-private area. A majority of the pharmacy sites did not provide materials or services targeting youth. Significant gaps exist in providing family planning products and services in the majority of community pharmacies in San Diego, California. Education and outreach efforts are needed to promote provision of products and services, particularly to the adolescent population.
Keywords: contraceptives; pharmacy-access drug products; emergency contraception; minors; adolescents; youth
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MDPI and ACS Style
Rafie, S.; Kim, G.Y.; Lau, L.M.; Tang, C.; Brown, C.; Maderas, N.M. Assessment of Family Planning Services at Community Pharmacies in San Diego, California. Pharmacy 2013, 1, 153-159.
Rafie S, Kim GY, Lau LM, Tang C, Brown C, Maderas NM. Assessment of Family Planning Services at Community Pharmacies in San Diego, California. Pharmacy. 2013; 1(2):153-159.
Rafie, Sally; Kim, Grace Y.; Lau, Lily M.; Tang, Connie; Brown, Colette; Maderas, Nicole M. 2013. "Assessment of Family Planning Services at Community Pharmacies in San Diego, California." Pharmacy 1, no. 2: 153-159.