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Languages 2018, 3(3), 25; https://doi.org/10.3390/languages3030025

Implicit and Explicit Knowledge of a Multiple Interface Phenomenon: Differential Task Effects in Heritage Speakers and L2 Speakers of Spanish in The Netherlands

Faculty of Humanities, Linguistics Department, University of Amsterdam, Spuistraat 134, 1012 VB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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Received: 31 December 2017 / Revised: 3 July 2018 / Accepted: 4 July 2018 / Published: 10 July 2018
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Abstract

This paper compares heritage speakers and second language (L2) speakers of Spanish with Dutch as their dominant language, in order to explore the role of age of onset and manner of acquisition in the nature of the knowledge (implicit vs. explicit) of the subjunctive. Differently from previous studies, all items were presented orally and in written form, so that language mode of presentation could be excluded as a confounding factor. Moreover, the groups were matched on their general proficiency in Spanish using both an explicit and an implicit proficiency task. The results showed that the L2 speakers outperformed the heritage speakers in the explicit knowledge task and vice versa in the implicit knowledge task, suggesting that differential task effects, which thus far have only been attested for morpho-syntactic phenomena, can be extended to interface phenomena as well. These findings imply that age of onset and manner of acquisition have an influence in the way knowledge is represented in these two populations, and moreover emphasize the importance of using different task types in bilingual research. View Full-Text
Keywords: heritage speakers; second language acquisition; Spanish; bilingualism; explicit knowledge; implicit knowledge; subjunctive; interface phenomena; task-based differences; age of acquisition heritage speakers; second language acquisition; Spanish; bilingualism; explicit knowledge; implicit knowledge; subjunctive; interface phenomena; task-based differences; age of acquisition
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van Osch, B.; Hulk, A.; Aalberse, S.; Sleeman, P. Implicit and Explicit Knowledge of a Multiple Interface Phenomenon: Differential Task Effects in Heritage Speakers and L2 Speakers of Spanish in The Netherlands. Languages 2018, 3, 25.

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