Acquisition of L2 French Object Pronouns by Advanced Anglophone Learners
AbstractThe role native language transfer plays in L2 acquisition raises the question of whether L1 constitutes a permanent representational deficit to mastery of the L2 morphosyntax and prosody or if it can eventually be overcome. Earlier research has shown that beginning and low intermediate Anglophone L2 French learners are insensitive to French morphosyntactic and prosodic constraints in using in situ pronouns transferred from the L1. The prosodic transfer hypothesis (PTH) proposes that native prosodic structures may be adapted to facilitate acquisition of L2 prosodic structure. Our study presents new evidence from three Anglophone advanced learners of L2 French that indicates ceiling performance for pronoun production (99% accuracy in 300 tokens over nine interviews) and grammaticality judgment (98% accuracy). This native-like performance demonstrates target French morphosyntax and prosody, built—as predicted by the PTH—by licensing pronominal free clitics in a new pre-verbal L2 position distinct from post-verbal L1. Furthermore, the learners’ data confirms accurate prosody by way of appropriate prominence patterns in clitic + host sequences, correct use of clitics with prefixed verbs, use of stacked pronouns, as well as correct prosodic alternations involving liaison and elision. These results counter impaired representation approaches and suggest early missing inflection may be overcome. View Full-Text
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Herschensohn, J.; Gess, R. Acquisition of L2 French Object Pronouns by Advanced Anglophone Learners. Languages 2018, 3, 15.
Herschensohn J, Gess R. Acquisition of L2 French Object Pronouns by Advanced Anglophone Learners. Languages. 2018; 3(2):15.Chicago/Turabian Style
Herschensohn, Julia; Gess, Randall. 2018. "Acquisition of L2 French Object Pronouns by Advanced Anglophone Learners." Languages 3, no. 2: 15.
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